The Complete Guide on Writing Results Section in a Research Paper

The results section state findings of your experiments so you have to be wary while describing the outcomes to communicate to your readers exactly what you experienced. The results section involves the summary of data collected and your observations that you carried out during your scientific experiments. Here are the steps to follow for writing a research paper. 

Record everything

When you carry out experiments in your lab, you should make a record of all events that occurred during your research in your digital diary. At the laboratory stage, you will be chronicling every phenomenon without imposing your logic. Make a catalogue of what you planned to do, and what happened during experiments. Take notes of each happening in chronological order during observation. Once you have recorded everything, the next step will be choosing the data from your lab records concerning key variables. These key variables are experimental observations that you will choose as the focus of your paper. 

Data organisation

Before writing the results section, you need to organise your data that will help your readers understand the structure inherent in data. In the results section, you have to present your data without interpretation. At this stage, you should let your data lead you instead of focusing on how your data should look, and the way you want your data to present. You can organise your data by many presentations such as tables, charts, and graphs by shuffling your data into several combinations such as a relationship between two or more variables and sorting the data in size, shape, gender, height, and colour. There can be several arrangements for presenting data; you will pick the one that is neat and concise. 

Writing results

When you write the results section, do not jump at the main crux of your experimental observations immediately. First, you should give a brief overview of your research to your readers. For instance, your introductory report begins like this if an experimental subject is a population: “Total 170 people filled out a questionnaire. Three individuals’ forms were excluded because sections were illegible.”

However, if you conducted no experiments, the introductory phrase can begin like this: “The course of infection was…” or “Students who have had little exposure to the English language…”

Once you have completed your general observation subsection, you will describe the kernel of your research. This is the section where you will insert visual presentations such as tables, charts and graphs. You will recount structural, textual, shape and colour details of your observations. You will also describe the patterns of changes.

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